Background about the GVCR

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Triggered by the unprecedented global spread of dengue and chikungunya viruses and outbreaks of Zika virus disease and yellow fever in 2015-2016, the World Health Organization developed the Global Vector Control Response (GVCR) as a strategic guidance to countries and development agencies for the strengthening of vector control as a fundamental approach to preventing disease and responding to outbreaks. The World Health Assembly unanimously endorsed the GVCR in 2017.

Central to the GVCR are four pillars of action: Inter-and intra-sectoral action and collaboration (pillar 1), Engagement of communities (pillar 2), Vector surveillance, monitoring and evaluation (pillar 3) and Scaling up and integration of tools (pillar 4). Combined, these should lead to more effective, locally adapted and sustainable vector control.

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Since the adoption of the GVCR, numerous activities as outlined in the document have been initiated: countries are encouraged to introduce the procedures as laid out in the GVCR. Focus has been on the arrangement and establishment of inter-ministerial task forces as a tool to strengthen inter- and intra-sectoral action and collaboration. For strengthening of vector-control, active collaboration within and between the health and non-health sectors is required. Many countries have taken up this recommendation and are currently developing national plans for vector control. Where needed, regional meetings have been held for better coordination and efficacy of vector control.

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